The arms of Piast Oels, from their last Sovereignty in Silesia.
The arms, the Oels family name, the property, and the territory of this Principality was officially inherited by the ruling prince of Brunswick as family of the last Piast Princess. Brunswick-Oels was violently annexed by Prussia, remains with Wolfenbuettel as chief prince in exile.
Official Connection To The Winged Hussars
made up an important component of the Black Brunswickers personal Imperial army that defeated Napoleon. These were from the Brunswick-Oels Principality in Poland. In 1776 the traditions and status of the winged Polish hussars had officially passed onto the Ulans.
BRUNSWICK BEING THE ONLY PROBABLE SUCCESSOR OF THE PIASTS
(the subject realms being of Poland, Galicia-Volhynia, Mazovia, Silesia and Bohemia)’
Not well known – we must raise awareness!
Much of this is not well known as the House of Brunswick has been suppressed for being too Anti-Habsburg, Anti-Prussian, and making the most war on Napoleon and France. These larger fights are among many other more recent political situations that have made the topic less known.
The Piast Brunswick succession must be once again widely circulated for the world to know that the succession was effected via marriage through the female line, to the last Piast princess. This last Piast inheritance of Oels was inherited down through to our line as being the nephew successor and firstborn head of the House of Brunswick. However in this article we will alsodemonstrate about a dozen other lines to the Piasts (including the Griffin Piasts). At the earliest foundation of the Houses of Brunswick (both the new and older houses) were descendants of the Piasts the main stakeholders of Brunswick. These Piast Nobles married to the heads of the House of Brunswick and Luneburg (Wolfenbuettel), and their children married several Piasts and Polish. While Oels is a settled matter of international law inheritance, still we demonstrate more evidence herein that solidifies not only the rights of Brunswick came from Piasts but rights of Piasts often came from Brunswick. Therefore it is indisputable on many levels, the Brunswick claim to Piast inheritance as the only probable successors.
Presently the de jure government of Olesnica Poland (Piast Alloidial Realm) continues to operate in exile and is valid according to the most sceptical attorneys of international law. All has been confirmed against the greatest contests of prescriptive law, house law, and in international law. These Silesian royal titles continue to be used not only by Brunswick, but also Saxony. This article is mainly to revive awareness. We cannot have these truths forgotten by the major population for too much longer. The longer it goes without being discussed or understood, the less relevant it may be to restoring the de jure Polish Nobility to their rightful places in society.
For this reason every person plays an active role in the monarchy at this stage by raising awareness of the Piast successor house. Raise the Brunswick-Oels banner high, just as the Ulan Hussaria did in many battles for Brunswick. The Ulans recently celebrated 200 years (1809-2009) of being the Imperial guard of Brunswick. His Highness Prince Stephen Michael Nott d’Este-Guelph Brunswick attended the 200 year ceremony, and awarded medals to those who greatly contributed to the House.
Stettin-Pomerania was also well known as a Brunswick stronghold until Napoleon.
Centuries before this, Brunswick was long established in Stettin. In the 1500s Brunswick dukes were born to the House Gryfici (Świebodzice) of Piast Nobility. We also have records well into the 1300’s of this branch of Piasts marrying into the Royal House of Brunswick.
Sophie of Pomerania, daughter of Wartislaw VI, the Duke of Pomerania (Piast Griffins), in 1388 married Henry II, the Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg. He ascended the throne in 1400 and is the progenitor of all subsequent Brunswick heirs.
In the 1400’s are several more examples, such as Duke Casmir of Pomerania marrying duchess Margret of Luneburg, and then her niece Joanna of Brunswick-Luneburg in like manner married Barnhim, the Duke of Pomerania.
Obviously with ruling Dukes of Brunswick in Stettin it explains why from the 1300’s to 1500’s that several of the Mayors and City Council of Members Stettin had the name Brunsvik. The Hungarian Counts of Brunswik de Korompa has a history of being from this Pomeranian branch, a cadet Branch of Brunswick. So cadets of Brunswick were were integrated into the Nobility of Hungary. More information: http://familypedia.wikia.com/wiki/Brunswik_von_Korompa_family
Henry V of Brunswick-Luneburg (Present ruling house-in-exile)
Probably one of the most important marriages securing the older house of Brunswick to the newer (founded in 1465) as a Piast Noble house, was Catherine (Katarina) of Pomerania-Wolgast. She was the daughter of Eric II, the Duke of Pomerania (Piast Griffins). In 1465 she married Henry IV, the Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg. He ascended the throne in 1473. He founded the present house of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel that rules today. Her son Henry V became ruling duke of Brunswick and Luneburg under the which remains today the only line that can produce the senior Monarch, ruling this senior dynastic line of house of Brunswick and Luneburg, with all the sub-principalities.
The second wife of Henry V was Sophia Jagiellon of Poland (who was Brienne Regent of Jerusalem), daughter Sigismund I the Jagiellon King of Poland (who ushered in the “Polish Golden Age”), and she became a duchess of Brunswick. Her step son Julius was Prince-Bishop of Minden. He, like his father, also became ruling prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel, ruling Prince Luneburg and Calenburg from 1568 until 1584.
Duke Francis of Brunswick-Luneburg-Gifhorn had a daughter, Princess Clara. She married Bogislaw XIII, and she was the mother of the very last ruling Piast Dukes of Stettin and Pomeriania. Her son and her daughter also married again to a Brunswick royal branch. Her son Duke Ulrich of Pomerania married Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel.
So we see from the peak of the Brunswick Sovereigndom till this present time, the Polish Nobility has remained an important family element. This included not only from Pomeranian branches, but the Silesian Piasts, and even from the Polish-Lithuanian Jagiellon lines. There were also Romanov marriages. Near the end of this period of Brunswick inter-marriage, one duke of Brunswick became the ruling Emperor of Russia (Ivan IV, Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel-Romanov), among other titles such as Duke of Courland and Semigallia. [Note: In German Nobility the title of Duke (and Dukedoms / Duchies) are higher titles ranked above the German princes (and is higher than principalities)]. Many of the early dukes of Brunswick and Saxony were crowned as Emperor. The House of Brunswick is the senior branch of the House of Este-Guelph. Este is the oldest recorded Italian family, and Guelph is the Merovingian family of Charlemagne / France / Gothia etc.]
So not only the younger son of Bogislaw XIII but also his eldest daughter princess Clara Maria of Pomerania married again into Brunswick Nobility. She (who was half Brunswick herself) married the ruling Duke August the Younger of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel. He continued for the last half of his life as the most powerful ruling duke(from 1635 forward), to which all sub-principalities paid their mandatory interest payments, as his subjects. These subject principalities included Hanover-Calenburg as well as Luneburg and seven others. While she did not produce him an heir, she died as one of the last heirs of the Piasts. After her death, his next wife produced him several heirs. He and several other Brunswick spouses to the last Piasts Nobles outlived them as final heirs of the Piasts.
As a fact of history, the House of Brunswick inherited the last Piast sovereignty both in name and in possessions until the Hanoverian usurpation, and eventual annexation by Prussia in 1866. Since then Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel has been operating as a government-in-exile.
Leading professors of Francofurtanae University also wrote among the illustrious Nobility of Brunswick, was the succession of the Dukes of Pomerania and Stettin. More materials came forward as this university published in latin, on our ancestry as successors of Charlemagne, and of the Italian Kings, of Ferrara, Saxony, Bavaria and even the Nobility of Corinth! (as of course is more widely affirmed by the specialist historians on the Este / Azzo House Nobility). It should be noted that 5 of the last 5 dukes of Pomerania and Stettin were dukes of Brunswick, of this line mentioned in the text. Our house being the only survivors of this branch of the Piast Griffin Nobility, not only the sole successors of the Silesian Piasts as is our name and sovereignty still valid legally in international law, the principality of Oels-Bernstadt. Page below is from “Genealogia Illvstrissimae Domvs Dvcvm Brvnsvic. Et Lvnaebvrg. Continva Patrvm Serie, Svpra Septintos[!] annos, e regio Langobardorum sanguine, repetita, Ad Illvstrissimos Principes Ac Dominos, D. Ivlivm Ducem eius familiae clarißimum, & D. Ernestvm Lvdovicvm Ducem Pomeraniae, hujus generum”
Pankraz Krüger. Published December 22, 1576
the full document may be read at this url https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=mqlFr_RlNo8C&rdid=book-mqlFr_RlNo8C&rdot=1
The Last Griffin Piast Duke
By marriage, all of the children of Bogislaw XIII, the last Duke of Pomerania, were cadets of Brunswick-Lunenburg, including
Duke Philip II
Bogislaw XIV, the last ruling duke of Pomerania
George II, Duke of Pomerania
Ulrich, Duke of Pomerania
Anna de Croy, the last member of the dynasty
Clara Maria of Pomerania-Barth
after this house was extinguished at the death of Anna de Croy, the rule of Brunswick at Stettin was the status quo till the 19th Century. However, many wars against France, against Austria, and even Brunswick against Prussia and the coupe’s of Russia, Courland, and Poland did not slow down our preminence in the last Piast strongholds, as this was secured mainly by family inheritance.
Duke Philip II, one of the last Piast Royals, also was a duke of Brunswick-Lunenburg[cadet]
Philip II together with his seven siblings were the last of this line of Piast Royals. They all were Royalty of the House of Brunswick through their mother, and the numerous Brunswick ancestors.
Several of the subsequent Governors of Stettin were dukes of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel.
August Wilhelm, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel-Bevern, was governor of Stettin till his death in 1781. More than half a dozen dukes of Brunswick had already held a governing position in the region.
Charles Wilhelm Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel, was commander-in-chief of the allied armies of the H.R.E.[Austria] and of Prussia. He was killed from a bullet wound sustained on the battlefield of Jena.
Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel, commander of the main Prussian army at Auerstedt, was badly wounded and had to leave the battle, as a result was the Capituation of Stettin in 1806.
It is still evident in the history, and our family name Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel-Oels
Since 1785 this last Piast Family title has been officially in international law, recognized as Brunswick inheritance, with sovereign claims since then remaining uninterrupted through to today. No matter of the de facto usurping states, in international law Brunswick remains legal (de jure) princes in exile. This is confirmed on numerous measurements of soveriegnty, and there is so much evidence it really tips the scales. The sovereignty of Brunswick was printed in the money/ minted coins, maps, history books, and most of all, demonstrated publicly in the titles, the family name, and armorial bearings of the House of “Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel-Oels”. This title of Oels and Oelsnica-Bernstadt is also co-defended by the living Sovereign Royal House of Saxony. The de jure King of Saxony co-defends these living family rights and continuation of Oels to be a living sovereign principality. The de facto regimes now occupying the zones have not been recognized as legitimate. There are minted many coins over the centuries commemorating the continuation of the Piast dynasty, and now in the House of Brunswick. These all reached a wider circulation among the subjects, with the understanding that the last Piasts have continued. For example, the marriage who continued the line, celebrated in the coins etc (depicted herein).
(Penny Cyclopedia 1850)
Our House remains lineal successors of the original Piast Dynastic alloidial realm of the high Nobility of the Piasts, from the Principality of Oels-Bernstadt. The family title passing to the Scion of our House, Stephen Michael II. The passing to our house had come originally through marriage of the last surviving Piast Princess in 1647 when it descended with her husband duke Silvius Nimrod of Wurtemberg, founder of the line of Wurtmberg-Oels. Centuries later when it became extinct in 1792 the principality passed to the last daughter and heiress Sophia Frederica Charlotte, to her husband, who upon his death passed it to Duke Frederick William of Brunswick, from whence has continually been in the House of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel which do this day maintains a valid status in international law as a de jure principality of the Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel-Oels government in exile. The arms are continually borne by the House of Brunswick.
Piast titles have included,
King of Poland
King of Rus’
Duke of the Polans
Duke of Poland
Duke of Krakow
Duke of Kuyavia
Duke of Mazovia
Duke of Sandomierz
Duke of Greater Poland
Duke of Silesia
and several other ducal titles (see Dukes of Silesia)
Duke of Sieradz-Łęczyca
Duke of Bohemia
The Suffrage Right To Vote
Several of the present and valid Suffrage populations of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel (d’Este-Guelph) lay just outside our Silesian principle realms in the name and titles of our house. These recognized Piast family inheritance realms included,
Kingdom of Poland
Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia
Duchy of Mazovia
Duchy of Silesia
several Duchies of Silesia
Prussian Principalities of Silesia
Duchy of Bohemia
Silesian Piasts, later became the oldest surviving branch of the dynasty
These countries have all held that upon the lawful extinguishing of a royal house, a provision for an irregular offspring of the house may ascend to the throne. This comes also via the rights of election (referendum).
There is interest in these realms to re-align with the Piast heirs of Brunswick, as our House d’Este-Guelph Brunswick has maintained the stances of enemy and of arch-rivals against the Austrian Habsburgs (Guelph vs Ghibelline) and for some times against France, Russia, and Prussian governments. Also because the family is staunchly Christian,at a time Christians are under persuctions, all the while the vast majority of the populations remain Christian.
More Information on Oels
One of several coins confirming and some afterwards jubilee records set marking first in 500 years to rule for 50 years consecutively. Realized in the Brunswick husband of the last Piast Princess! There are many coins celebrating the Brunswick inheriting the last Piast sovereignty, which is legal also today in our family name D’Este Guelph Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel-Oels, Senior Branch, House of Welf. This medal was stamped on the death of the deceased on November 4, 1789 – Frederic Zofia Charlotta Augusta – the wife of the Brunswick-Oleśnica duke Frederic Augustus, diameter 38 mm, weight 19.7 g.
One of several coins confirming and some afterwards jubilee records set marking first in 500 years to rule for 50 years consecutively. The Brunswick husband of the last Piast Princess! All the coins Prove or celebrate Brunswick inheriting the last Piast sovereignty, which is legal also today in our family name D’Este Guelph Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel-Oels, Senior Branch, House of Welf Obverse: head to the right, around the inscription: FRIEDERICVS AVGVSTVS BRVNSV.OLSN.DVX. Under the head, AS signature (Alt Stadt, according to others A. Ambramson).
Reverse: the figure of the goddess of adornment standing next to the column; in the episode, the inscription: FID.PRAEST.MDCCXCIII; around the inscription: DVCATVS OLSNENS.
The horse column – the coat of arms of the Braunschweig coat – is visible on the medal column.
Date 1793 refers to the acquisition of the Duchy of Oleśnica.
The author of the medalist’s album placed this medal in the masonic medals department. However that may be inappropriate, as Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick had banned all freemasonry in Germany. The column in the image bears our Welfów D’Este Guelph Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel-Oels, Senior Branch, House of Welf coat of arms.
The medal (coin 2/3 thaler) was blessed for the 200th year anniversary on September 1st 1993 for the homage of the state of the Brunswick-Oleśnica principality for the surviving husband, His Highness Frederick August D’Este Guelph Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel-Oels, Senior Branch, House of Welf of the last Piast Princess heir of their last alloidial inherited sovereignty.
More info on getting involved at www.GothianTemplar.org